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Geophysics

New submissions

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New submissions for Mon, 19 Mar 18

[1]  arXiv:1803.06029 [pdf, other]
Title: A New Model for the Distribution of Observable Earthquake Magnitudes and Applications to $b$-value Estimation
Subjects: Geophysics (physics.geo-ph)

The $b$-value in the Gutenberg-Richter (GR) law contains information that is essential for evaluating earthquake hazard and predicting the occurrence of large earthquakes. Estimates of $b$ are often based on seismic events whose magnitude exceed a certain threshold, the so called magnitude of completeness. Such estimates are sensitive to the choice of threshold and often ignore a substantial portion of available data. We present a general model for the distribution of observable earthquake magnitudes and an estimation procedure that takes all measurements into account. The model is obtained by generalizing previous probabilistic descriptions of sensor network limitations and by using a generalization of the GR law. We show that our model is flexible enough to handle spatio-temporal variations in the seismic environment and captures valuable information about sensor network coverage. We also show that the model leads to significantly improved $b$-value estimates compared with established methods relying on the magnitude of completeness.

Replacements for Mon, 19 Mar 18

[2]  arXiv:1802.04075 (replaced) [pdf, other]
Title: On effects of inhomogeneity on anisotropy in Backus average
Subjects: Geophysics (physics.geo-ph)
[3]  arXiv:1803.00758 (replaced) [pdf, other]
Title: Driving Digital Rock towards Machine Learning: predicting permeability with Gradient Boosting and Deep Neural Networks
Comments: 21 pages, 7 figures
Subjects: Geophysics (physics.geo-ph); Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (cs.CV); Computational Physics (physics.comp-ph)
[4]  arXiv:1708.00791 (replaced) [pdf, other]
Title: Rayleigh-Bénard convection in a creeping solid with melting and freezing at either or both its horizontal boundaries
Comments: Submitted to the Journal of Fluid Mechanics. 28 pages, 16 figures
Subjects: Fluid Dynamics (physics.flu-dyn); Geophysics (physics.geo-ph)
[ total of 4 entries: 1-4 ]
[ showing up to 2000 entries per page: fewer | more ]

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