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Astrophysics > Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Title: Period Increase and Amplitude Distribution of Kink Oscillation of Coronal Loop

Abstract: Coronal loops exist ubiquitously in the solar atmosphere. These loops puzzle astronomers over half a century. Solar magneto-seismology (SMS) provides a unique way to constrain the physical parameters of coronal loops. Here, we study the evolution of oscillations of a coronal loop observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA). We measure geometric and physical parameters of the loop oscillations. In particular, we find that the mean period of the oscillations increased from 1048 to 1264 s during three oscillatory cycles. We employ the differential emission measure method and apply the tools of SMS. The evolution of densities inside and outside the loop is analyzed. We found that an increase of density inside the loop and decrease of the magnetic field strength along the loop are the main reasons for the increase in the period during the oscillations. Besides, we also found that the amplitude profile of the loop is different from a profile would it be a homogeneous loop. It is proposed that the distribution of magnetic strength along the loop rather than density stratification is responsible for this deviation. The variation in period and distribution of amplitude provide, in terms of SMS, a new and unprecedented insight into coronal loop diagnostics.
Subjects: Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)
Cite as: arXiv:1803.06848 [astro-ph.SR]
  (or arXiv:1803.06848v1 [astro-ph.SR] for this version)

Submission history

From: Wei Su [view email]
[v1] Mon, 19 Mar 2018 09:51:28 GMT (3780kb)