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Astrophysics > Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

Title: The Implications of 3D Thermal Structure on 1D Atmospheric Retrieval

Abstract: Using the atmospheric structure from a 3D global radiation-hydrodynamic simulation of HD 189733b and the open-source BART code, we investigate the difference between the secondary-eclipse temperature structure produced with a 3D simulation and the best-fit 1D retrieved model. Synthetic data are generated by integrating the 3D models over the Spitzer, HST, and JWST bandpasses, covering the wavelength range between 1 and 11 um. Using the data from different observing instruments, we present detailed comparisons between the temperature-pressure profiles recovered by BART and those from the 3D simulations. We calculate several averages of the 3D thermal structure and implement two temperature parameterizations to investigate different thermal profile shapes. To assess which part of the thermal structure is best constrained by the data, we generate contribution functions for both our theoretical model and each of our retrieved models. Our conclusions are strongly affected by the spectral resolution of the instruments included, their wavelength coverage, and the number of data points combined. We also see some limitations in each of the temperature parametrizations. The results show that our 1D retrieval is recovering a temperature and pressure profile that most closely matches the arithmetic average of the 3D thermal structure. When we use a higher resolution, more data points, and a parametrized temperature profile that allows more flexibility in the middle part of the atmosphere, we find a better match between the retrieved temperature and pressure profile and the arithmetic average.
Comments: 23 pages
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Journal reference: The Astrophysical Journal, 848:127 (24pp), 2017 October 20
DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa8171
Cite as: arXiv:1803.06678 [astro-ph.EP]
  (or arXiv:1803.06678v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)

Submission history

From: Jasmina Blecic Mrs. [view email]
[v1] Sun, 18 Mar 2018 15:42:17 GMT (6913kb)