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Condensed Matter > Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics

Title: Topological phases and edge states in a non-Hermitian trimerized optical lattice

Authors: L. Jin
Abstract: Topologically engineered optical materials support robust light transport. Herein, the investigated non-Hermitian lattice is trimerized and inhomogeneously coupled using uniform intracell coupling. The topological properties of the coupled waveguide lattice are evaluated, the PT-symmetric phase of a PT-symmetric lattice can have different topologies; the edge states depend on the lattice size, boundary configuration, and competition between the coupling and degree of non-Hermiticity. The topologically nontrivial region extends in the presence of periodic gain and loss. The nonzero geometric phases accumulated by the Bloch bands indicate the existence of topologically protected edge states between the band gaps. The unidirectional amplification and attenuation zero modes appear above a threshold degree of non-Hermiticity, which facilitate the development of a robust optical diode.
Comments: 9 pages, 7 figures
Subjects: Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics (cond-mat.mes-hall); Quantum Physics (quant-ph)
Journal reference: Physical Review A 96, 032103 (2017)
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.96.032103
Cite as: arXiv:1803.06672 [cond-mat.mes-hall]
  (or arXiv:1803.06672v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall] for this version)

Submission history

From: Liang Jin [view email]
[v1] Sun, 18 Mar 2018 14:55:27 GMT (5125kb)