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Physics > Biological Physics

Title: Charge migration mechanisms in the DNA at finite temperature revisited; from quasi-ballistic to subdiffusive transport

Abstract: Various charge migration mechanisms in the DNA are studied within the framework of the Peyrard-Bishop-Holstein model which has been widely used to address charge dynamics in this macromolecule. To analyze these mechanisms we consider characteristic size and time scales of the fluctuations of the electronic and vibrational subsystems. It is shown, in particular, that due to substantial differences in these timescales polaron formation is unlikely within a broad range of temperatures. We demonstrate that at low temperatures electronic transport can be quasi-ballistic. For high temperatures, we propose an alternative to polaronic charge migration mechanism: the fluctuation-assisted one, in which the electron dynamics is governed by relatively slow fluctuations of the vibrational subsystem. We argue also that the discussed methods and mechanisms can be relevant for other organic macromolecular systems, such as conjugated polymers and molecular aggregates.
Subjects: Biological Physics (physics.bio-ph); Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics (cond-mat.mes-hall)
Cite as: arXiv:1803.06648 [physics.bio-ph]
  (or arXiv:1803.06648v1 [physics.bio-ph] for this version)

Submission history

From: Rodrigo Lima [view email]
[v1] Sun, 18 Mar 2018 11:54:31 GMT (5726kb,D)