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Mathematics > Numerical Analysis

Title: Projection-Based Finite Elements for Nonlinear Function Spaces

Abstract: We introduce a novel type of approximation spaces for functions with values in a nonlinear manifold. The discrete functions are constructed by piecewise polynomial interpolation in a Euclidean embedding space, and then projecting pointwise onto the manifold. We show optimal interpolation error bounds with respect to Lebesgue and Sobolev norms. Additionally, we show similar bounds for the test functions, i.e., variations of discrete functions. Combining these results with a nonlinear C\'ea lemma, we prove optimal $L^2$ and $H^1$ discretization error bounds for harmonic maps from a planar domain into a smooth manifold. All these error bounds are also verified numerically.
Subjects: Numerical Analysis (math.NA)
MSC classes: 65N30, 65D05
Cite as: arXiv:1803.06576 [math.NA]
  (or arXiv:1803.06576v1 [math.NA] for this version)

Submission history

From: Oliver Sander [view email]
[v1] Sat, 17 Mar 2018 21:37:03 GMT (363kb,D)