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Condensed Matter > Statistical Mechanics

Title: Insensitivity of bulk properties to the twisted boundary condition

Abstract: The symmetry and the locality are the two major sources of various nontrivial statements in quantum many- body systems. We demonstrate that, in gapped phases of a U(1) symmetric Hamiltonian with finite-range interactions, the bulk properties such as the expectation value of local operators, the ground state energy and the excitation gap, and the static and low-frequency dynamical responses in general, do not depend on the U(1) phase of the twisted boundary condition in the limit of the large system size. Specifically, their dependence on the twisted angle is exponentially suppressed with the linear dimension of the system. The argument is based on the exponential decay of various types of equal-time correlation functions.
Comments: 5+7 pages, 1 figure
Subjects: Statistical Mechanics (cond-mat.stat-mech); Strongly Correlated Electrons (cond-mat.str-el)
Cite as: arXiv:1803.06558 [cond-mat.stat-mech]
  (or arXiv:1803.06558v1 [cond-mat.stat-mech] for this version)

Submission history

From: Haruki Watanabe [view email]
[v1] Sat, 17 Mar 2018 19:41:39 GMT (730kb,D)