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Physics > Plasma Physics

Title: Spectral Estimation of Plasma Fluctuations II: Nonstationary Analysis of ELM Spectra

Abstract: Several analysis methods for nonstationary fluctuations are described and applied to the edge localized mode (ELM) instabilities of limiter H-mode plasmas. The microwave scattering diagnostic observes poloidal $k_{\theta}$ values of 3.3 cm$^{-1}$, averaged over a 20 cm region at the plasma edge.A short autoregressive filter enhances the nonstationary component of the plasma fluctuations by removing much of the background level of stationary fluctuations. Between ELMs, the spectrum predominantly consists of broad-banded 300-700 kHz fluctuations propagating in the electron diamagnetic drift direction, indicating the presence of a negative electric field near the plasma edge. The time-frequency spectrogram is computed with the multiple taper technique. By using the singular value decomposition of the spectrogram, it is shown that the spectrum during the ELM is broader and more symmetric than that of the stationary spectrum. The ELM period and the evolution of the spectrum between ELMs varies from discharge to discharge. For the discharge under consideration which has distinct ELMs with a 1 msec period, the spectrum has a maximum in the electron drift direction which relaxes to a near constant value %its characteristic shape in the first half millisecond after the end of the ELM and then grows slowly. In contrast, the level of the fluctuations in the ion drift direction increases exponentially by a factor of eight in the five milliseconds~after the ELM. High frequency precursors are found which occur one millisecond before the ELMs and propagate in the ion drift direction. These precursors are very short ($\sim 10 \mu$secs), coherent bursts, and they predict the occurrence of an ELM with a high success rate.
Comments: Figures missing
Subjects: Plasma Physics (physics.plasm-ph)
Journal reference: Physics of Plasmas, Volume 1, Issue 3, March 1994, pp.501-514
Cite as: arXiv:1803.06452 [physics.plasm-ph]
  (or arXiv:1803.06452v1 [physics.plasm-ph] for this version)

Submission history

From: Kurt Riedel [view email]
[v1] Sat, 17 Mar 2018 03:56:11 GMT (30kb)