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Physics > Optics

Title: Topological Wave-Guiding Near an Exceptional Point: Defect-Immune, Slow-Light, Loss-Immune Propagation

Abstract: Electromagnetic waves propagating, at finite speeds, in conventional wave-guiding structures are reflected by discontinuities and decay in lossy regions. In this Letter, we drastically modify this typical guided-wave behavior by combining concepts from non-Hermitian physics and topological photonics. To this aim, we theoretically study, for the first time, the possibility of realizing an exceptional point between \emph{coupled topological modes in a non-Hermitian non-reciprocal waveguide}. Our proposed system is composed of oppositely-biased gyrotropic materials (e.g., biased plasmas or graphene layers) with a balanced loss/gain distribution. To study this complex wave-guiding problem, we put forward an exact analysis based on classical Green's function theory, and we illustrate the behavior of coupled topological modes and the nature of their non-Hermitian degeneracies. We find that, by operating near an exceptional point, we can realize anomalous topological wave propagation with, at the same time, low group-velocity, inherent immunity to back-scattering at discontinuities, and immunity to losses. These theoretical findings may open exciting research directions and stimulate further investigations of non-Hermitian topological waveguides to realize robust wave propagation in practical scenarios.
Subjects: Optics (physics.optics)
Cite as: arXiv:1803.06419 [physics.optics]
  (or arXiv:1803.06419v1 [physics.optics] for this version)

Submission history

From: Seyyed Ali Hassani Gangaraj [view email]
[v1] Fri, 16 Mar 2018 22:38:37 GMT (580kb,D)