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Physics > Space Physics

Title: Characterizing Ion Flows Across a Dipolarization Jet

Abstract: The structure of dipolarization jets with finite width in the dawn-dusk direction relevant to magnetic reconnection in the Earth's magnetotail is explored with particle-in-cell simulations. We carry out Riemann simulations of the evolution of the jet in the dawn-dusk, north-south plane to investigate the dependence of the jet structure on the jet width in the dawn-dusk direction. We find that the magnetic field and Earth-directed ion flow structure depend on the dawn-dusk width. A reversal in the usual Hall magnetic field near the center of the current sheet on the dusk side of larger jets is observed. For small widths, the maximum velocity of the Earthward flow is significantly reduced below the theoretical limit of the upstream Alfv\'en speed. However, the ion flow speed approaches this limit once the width exceeds the ion Larmor radius based on the normal magnetic field, $B_z$.
Subjects: Space Physics (physics.space-ph); Plasma Physics (physics.plasm-ph)
Cite as: arXiv:1803.06378 [physics.space-ph]
  (or arXiv:1803.06378v1 [physics.space-ph] for this version)

Submission history

From: Harry Arnold [view email]
[v1] Fri, 16 Mar 2018 19:21:06 GMT (2344kb)