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Physics > Fluid Dynamics

Title: Velocity fluctuations and boundary layer structure in a rough Rayleigh-B{é}nard cell filled with water

Authors: Olivier Liot (Phys-ENS), Quentin Ehlinger (ILM), Elonore Rusaouën (Phys-ENS), Thibaut Coudarchet (Phys-ENS), Julien Salort (Phys-ENS), Francesca Chillà (Phys-ENS)
Abstract: We report Particle Image Velocimetry of the Large Scale Circulation and the viscous boundary layer in turbulent thermal convection. We use two parallelepipedic Rayleigh-B{\'e}nard cells with a top smooth plate. The first one has a rough bottom plate and the second one has a smooth one so we compare the rough-smooth and the smooth-smooth configurations. The dimensions of the cell allow to consider a bi-dimensional mean flow. Lots of previous heat flux measurements have shown a Nusselt--Rayleigh regime transition corresponding to an increase of the heat flux in presence of roughness which is higher than the surface increase. Our velocity measurements show that if the mean velocity field is not clearly affected by the roughness, the velocity fluctuations rise dramatically. It is accompanied by a change of the longitudinal velocity structure functions scaling. Moreover, we show that the boundary layer becomes turbulent close to roughness, as it was observed recently in the air [Liot et al., JFM, vol. 786, pp. 275-293]. Finally we discuss the link between the change of the boundary layer structure and the ones observed on the Large Scale Circulation.
Subjects: Fluid Dynamics (physics.flu-dyn); Classical Physics (physics.class-ph)
Journal reference: Physical Review Fluids, American Physical Society, 2017, 2 (4), \&\#x3008;10.1103/PhysRevFluids.2.044605\&\#x3009
Cite as: arXiv:1611.00994 [physics.flu-dyn]
  (or arXiv:1611.00994v2 [physics.flu-dyn] for this version)

Submission history

From: Olivier Liot [view email]
[v1] Thu, 3 Nov 2016 13:14:49 GMT (590kb,D)
[v2] Tue, 13 Mar 2018 12:29:42 GMT (766kb,D)